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Clinical Outcome Measures & Databases

In this section you will find details of clinical outcome measures and databases that are often used in articular cartilage research studies.


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Orthopaedic is a free information and calculation service presenting various orthopaedic outcome measures. It has been designed for orthopaedic surgeons, physicians, physical therapists, osteopaths, chiropractors, lawyers and patients.


Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). KOOS is developed as an instrument to assess the patients opinion about their knee and associated problems. KOOS is intended to be used for knee injury that can result in post traumatic osteoarthritis (OA); i.e. ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injury, meniscus injury, chondral injury, etc. KOOS consists of 5 subscales; Pain, other Symptoms, Function in daily living (ADL), Function in sport and recreation (Sport/Rec) and knee related Quality of life QOL. Forms in several languages available for free download.


SF-36. The SF-36 is a multi-purpose, short-form health survey with only 36 questions. It yields an 8-scale profile of functional health and well-being scores as well as psychometrically-based physical and mental health summary measures and a preference-based health utility index. It is a generic measure, as opposed to one that targets a specific age, disease, or treatment group. Accordingly, the SF-36 has proven useful in surveys of general and specific populations, comparing the relative burden of diseases, and in differentiating the health benefits produced by a wide range of different treatments. License required.


International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC). The IKDC includes a demographic form, current health assessment form, subjective knee evaluation form, knee history form, surgical documentation form and knee examination form. To facilitate scoring the IKDC subjective form, AOSSM has developed a spreadsheet that will yield a patient's raw score and percentile score (relative to age- and gender-based norms). The form and scoring spreadsheet are available for free download.


SOCRATES - Standardised Orthopaedic & Cartilage Repair and Treatment Evaluation Software. The objective of SOCRATES is to develop a global standardised computerised database to enable assessment of and measure outcomes in patients who have undergone surgical procedures to the joint with particular emphasis on cartilage repair procedures. More information available online.


PEDro is the Physiotherapy Evidence Database. It has been developed to give rapid access to bibliographic details and abstracts of randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines in physiotherapy. Most trials on the database have been rated for quality to help you quickly discriminate between trials which are likely to be valid and interpretable and those which are not.


PubMed is a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine that includes over 16 million citations from MEDLINE and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to the 1950s. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources.


ScienceDirect offers more than a quarter of the world's scientific, medical and technical information online with over 2,000 peer-reviewed journals. Free abstracts.


ISI Web of Knowledge is a daily and essential resource for millions around the world.  An integrated, versatile research platform, ISI Web of Knowledge delivers easy access to high quality, diversified scholarly information in the sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities, as well as search and analysis tools that enhance this content.